- This article is for the film. For the character, see Marco Pagot.
Porco Rosso (紅の豚 , Kurenai no Buta lit. Crimson Pig) is an animated adventure film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki and produced by Studio Ghibli in partnership with Japan Airlines and Tokuma Shoten. It premiered on July 18, 1992. Following this film, all works directed by Miyazaki is distributed by Toho.
It is based on "The Age of the Flying Boat", a three-part watercolor manga for "Hayao Miyazaki's Daydream Data Notes" and was serialized by Monthly Model Graphix in 1992. It was originally planned to be a short film for JAL's in-flight entertainment. The plot revolves around an Italian World War I ex-fighter ace, now living as a freelance bounty hunter chasing ¨air pirates¨ in the Adriatic Sea. However, an unusual curse has transformed him to an anthropomorphic pig. Once called Marco Pagot, he is now known to the world as "Porco Rosso", which in Italian is for ¨Crimson Pig¨.
The film stars the voices of Shuichiro Moriyama, Tokiko Kato, Akemi Okamura and Akio Otsuka, Toshio Suzuki produced the film for Studio Ghibli. Joe Hisaishi composed the music. This is also the first Ghibli film where the voice actor of the protagonist also sings the theme song.
The theatrical poster's advertising slogan is "This is what it means to be cool." and "The pig that doesn't fly is just a pig." while the JAL poster's slogan is "If you fly, you can see".
- 1 Plot
- 2 History and politics
- 3 Homage to early aviation
- 4 Behind the Scenes
- 5 Release
- 6 Reception
- 7 Sequel
- 8 Music
- 9 Trivia
- 10 Voice Cast
- 11 Credits
- 12 Related Products
- 13 References
- 14 External Links
The film, set in the Adriatic Sea in the interwar period, begins with the titular character Porco Rosso, a veteran WWI fighter ace and freelance bounty hunter, responding to an alert over an attack on a ferry liner by airborne pirates. Having successfully defeated the pirates, the so-called Mamma Aiuto Gang, Porco retires to the Hotel Adriano, which is run by his long-time friend Madame Gina. Two reporters come over to Porco and photograph him and try to interview him on the spot, but their loud questions earn them the ire of Mr. Curtis, who physically removes the reporters so he can concentrate on Gina without noise. Gina's music is able to soothe even the savage hearts of the pirates.
At the restaurant an American named Curtis proposes to Gina, but she rebuffs him. Porco goes off to eat alone, but shortly Gina sits and talks to him. There's a photo of several pilots and Gina on the wall, dated 1912. One pilot's face has been scribbled out.
After Porco Rosso leaves to Milan, to make repairs to his plane, he is shot down by Curtis, who wants to achieve fame by killing Rosso. Rosso survives but has to head to Milan on train. At Piccolo S.P.A he asks Mr. Piccolo to rebuild his plane. Due to the depression, Piccolo only as female workers, mostly from his family. A young girl, Fio Piccolo, ends up re-designing his plane. Initially Rosso is not pleased, but he grows to like her. They flee Piccolo's workshop after the Fascist government attempts to hunt them down, because Rosso won't fight for his government.
After escaping from Milan, Porco flew to his hideout after a quick detour to get more gasoline for the plane. Inside the island he and Fio started to unpack her belongings when all of the sudden air pirates burst out from Porco's tent and surround him, before they were gonna destroy Porco's plane Fio went to the leader of the Mama Aiuto Gang and started to yell at them to not destroy her first worked plane and she managed to persuade them to not smash it.
Right at that moment Curtis showed up and telling that he wanted a rematch with Porco, when Fio started to intervene Curtis fell in love with her and asked to marry him, so they decided to make a bet for the rematch if Curtis wins Fio would marry him and if Porco wins then Curtis must pay all Porco's debts for rebuilding his plane. Curtis accepts the deal and all the air pirates leave the island to prepare for tomorrow.
The next day, we see a festive crowd on an islet. Many people have come by sailboat to see the duel, and Porco and Fio are there. During the aerial dogfight, Porco's guns seemingly jam and for a brief moment, the two go back and forth across the sky avoiding each others line of fire. The dogfight pauses for a moment as the pilots fly side-by-side and exchange words instead of bullets. Curtis shouts, "Why don't you shoot? Are you making a fool of me? . . . Ha! I see! Your gun was broken!" but then Porco fires a short burst to show that his gun is in fact working. They land in the water next to the islet where the crowd is gathered.
The crowd surges toward the shore. Porco and Curtis have exited their planes and their confrontation has turned into a fistfight in knee-deep shore water. As the fistfight continues, the two pilots begin to look pretty awful, with faces that are beaten to a pulp. It's a boxing match for endurance now, with a clang on a frying pan to mark the end of rounds. With eyes almost swollen shut, both fighters' punches miss entirely. But as Gina's plane pulls up, they simultaneously knock each other out and both sink into the water. The referee starts to count. Gina calls to Porco who rises from the waves on the count of ten. He won! Gina says to the crowd, "The festival is over now. Italian forces are coming to arrest you all," and everyone disperses. "Boss" gives Fio the prize money.
Porco throws Fio on Gina's plane despite her protests. Fio kisses Porco, who gets knocked in the head by the plane's wing. Then, Mr. Curtis and Porco remember that the Italian Air Force is coming to arrest them and so they, too, head for their planes. Porco flies off.
Cut to several years later. Fio keeps building planes, and every year, spends the summer at the hotel with Gina. Porco's plane can be seen parked by Gina's hotel as credits roll.
History and politics
Porco Rosso is one of the few films directed by Hayao Miyazaki in which the historical and geographical settings are clearly defined and where most of the story could have happened in the real world. Marco is an Italian hero from the First World War and is shown fighting against Austro-Hungarian fighter planes in a flashback sequence. The story is set in the Adriatic Sea east coast between Dalmatian and Kvarner islands, a fictionalized city of Fiume after its annexation to fascist Italy and Northern Italy.
Porco makes statements of his being anti-fascist, quipping during one scene that "I'd much rather be a pig than a fascist". Miyazaki shed light on the political context of the making of the film in an interview with Empire. He reflects that the conflicts that broke out during the film's production (such as those in Dubrovnik and elsewhere) made Porco Rosso a much more complicated and difficult film.
Evident historical and political realism aside, at least one scholar has argued that the film's more overt historical references can be understood as representative of wakon yosai (Japanese spirit; Western techniques)—a tendency, since the Meji period, for Japanese artists to paint Europe as spectacular, while simultaneously maintaining the distance necessary to preserve a distinct sense of Japanese identity. "In Porco Rosso," states academic Chris Wood, "Europe is tamed, rendered as a charming site of pleasurable consumption, made distant and viewed through a tourist gaze."
Homage to early aviation
The fictional "Piccolo" aircraft company depicted in the film may be a reference to the Italian aircraft manufacturers Caproni and Piaggio. The jet shown in the last scene is very similar in concept to the Caproni C-22J, an aircraft designed by Carlo Ferrarin, a designer for Caproni, whose name is notably used in the film for Marco's Air Force pilot friend. The Jet-amphibian also has a V-tail, slightly reminiscent of the Magister jet trainer.
Porco's air-force friend Ferrarin was inspired the Italian Air Force pilot Arturo Ferrarin who flew with an Ansaldo SVA.9 from Rome to Tokyo in 1920. Additionally, the Caproni Ca.309 light reconnaissance aircraft is known under the name "Ghibli", the same name as Miyazaki's and Takahata's animation studio.
While in Piccolo's engine shop, the engine to be used in the Porco's rebuilt Savoia S.21 also has the word "Ghibli" visible on its rocker covers—in design it is a narrow-angle V-12 engine, similar in form to racing engines of the period. Piccolo mentions that it was used in a racing aeroplane for the Schneider Trophy race in the year before.
In the early 1930s, Italian seaplane designers set world speed records (such as the Macchi M.C.72 designed by the Italian airplane designer Mario Castoldi). One of the test pilots killed during the attempt to set the speed record was named Bellini, the name given to Porco's pilot friend in the film.
Marco Pagot, the name of the main character, is also a homage to the Pagot brothers, pioneers of Italian animation (Nino and Toni Pagot were the authors of the first Italian animated feature film, The Dynamite Brothers, and his sons Marco and Gi Pagot were Miyazaki's collaborators in the production of Sherlock Hound).
Meanwhile, the character of Curtis is likely to have been named after the American aviation pioneer Glenn Hammond Curtiss who, along with the Wright Brothers, founded the Curtiss-Wright Corporation. Curtis' airplane is a Curtiss R3C, which was built for the 1925 Schneider Cup race (which Porco refers to when he first meets Curtis). His character is also an oblique reference to Ronald Reagan, in that his ambitions lie not only in Hollywood, but also the Presidency. The rest of Curtis' character appears to come directly from the adventure film heroes portrayed by Errol Flynn at this time—indeed, they share a jaw line—including his buccaneering derring-do, willingness to fight, and overall demeanor combined with romantic ardor. Miyazaki revisited the theme of aviation history in his 2013 film The Wind Rises.
Behind the Scenes
", published in 1990 featured the titular "Porco Rosso".]]The initial story, inspired by the illustrated essay "Tahôtô no Deban" (多砲塔の出番 , The Age of Gun Turrets) that Miyazaki created in 1984, was as follows. A former military officer, a pig leaves his command, builds a tank and sets out in search of fun and glory. He kidnaps a young woman with whom he falls in love and tries in vain to seduce her. “As I continued to work on the story, I thought of a happy ending where the pig's love conquers the girl's heart. At first, the latter was supposed to be an ordinary girl, waitress in a road restaurant. But the character was changed and she became a singer in a bar like Marilyn Monroe in "The River of No Return", just a little younger and purer." But the young director in charge of directing did not believe that a mature man could sincerely love a young woman he kidnapped and succeed in winning her heart. Not being able to agree with Miyazaki on the script, he leaves and the project falls through.
A few years later, Miyazaki tells Comic Box that he has not given up on the idea of making "a not serious movie in which I would show my embarrassing side ... The truth is that I am happy when I write stupid stories of planes and tanks in magazines like Model Graphix [...] . But animation requires enormous teamwork. A movie can only be made by an organization and it is difficult to get them to work on a frivolous project. So sometimes I dream of making a stupid movie with my own money, a video (OAV) that wouldn't even allow me to recoup my expenses."
This idea resurfaced when Miyazaki drew "The Age of the Flying Boat", a watercolor manga for "Hayao Miyazaki's Daydream Data Notes" and was serialized by Monthly Model Graphix from its March (issue was released on February 25, 1990) until May issue. Miyazaki, whose had a lifelong fascination with aviation, drew this comic for his own pleasure. He moved quickly to adapt it, stating he wanted to make a "manga movie for middle-aged men who were tired and whose brain cells became tofu." They also considered producing "Assault! Iron Pork!" (突撃!アイアンポーク , Totsugeki! Aian Pōku) a comic that was also featured in Miyazaki's "Daydream Data Notes", but was cancelled due to various reasons.
The film would reflect Miyazaki's personal hobbies and wasn't meant for children. Asked, in an interview, about what inspired him, the master replied: “I like seaplanes. Although I make films for children, this film was made because I wanted to express my love for these planes. Until I was done "Princess Mononoke", I felt a little guilty - but not too much - for having involved the studio in a personal project. "On the other hand, he said, "It was fun as a hobby to revive an aircraft that even Italians had forgotten and to create an air force that does not exist." Despite his misgivings, he felt very strongly about the film, to the point where he considered producing a sequel.
The proposal for the film was completed on February 26, 1990. Toshio Suzuki proposed an in-flight 45-minute animated short in partnership with Japan Airlines to coincide with the company's 40th anniversary. They were given a 200 million yen budget and production was scheduled to begin in November 1990 and completed in August 1991. According to one of Miyazaki's essays, in order for Studio Ghibli to continue as a viable company, they needed to constantly be working on film projects. At the time, the main animation staff was busy working on Isao Takahata's film, "Only Yesterday" and were facing numerous delays. Thus in March 1991, Miyazaki began preparing for the film's production alone, sans animation staff.
Fearing delays, Miyazaki considered hiring newcomers but was afraid that quality would deteriorate. Miyazaki then proposed appointing Ghibli's female staff to be in charge of the animation. This was considered groundbreaking at the time as animation production in Japan was mainly done by men. Suzuki accepted Miyazaki's proposal and production went back on track. Thus despite the film being marketed towards older men, the production was mainly composed of women. This fact was even alluded to in the film as Mr. Piccolo's workshop was mainly composed of women. The number of drawings reached 58,443 and 476 colors were used. The production period was set to last eleven months, from March 1, 1991 to June 12, 1992, and would employ nearly 250 people.
In September 1990, Toshio Suzuki, the animation director Mamoru Oshii, Miyazaki and several other producers conducted location scouting at the Tiber River in Italy and Rome.
As the film was geared towards an older male audience, it featured two female characters, namely Fio and Gina. The resulting relationship between Porco and the female leads never resulted beyond a kiss in the cheek, mirroring Lupin III and Clarisse's relationship in "The Castle of Cagliostro".
Meanwhile, Toho, Tokuma Shoten, and Nippon Television joined the production committee, motivated that it would be a "Hayao Miyazaki's movie". The film's runtime was originally 30 to 45 minutes, then 60 to 80 minutes, and finally extended to feature film-length of 90 minutes due to the inclusion of a flashback war scene, influenced by the outbreak of the Gulf War (August 1990) and Yugoslavia (March 1991). Miyazaki himself worried setting the film in the Yugoslavian archipelago would seem insensitive as the region was facing actual war.
During the film's production announcement press event, producer Toshio Suzuki unveiled a promotional trailer that made the film seem as if it would be a war movie filled with exciting air battle sequences. Miyazaki was reportedly furious at this as it did not showcase the the story's direction at all. At the same time, the conflict in Europe was still ongoing, which also added to Miyazaki's anger. Miyazaki reportedly cursed Suzuki in front of reporters.
Yasuyoshi Tokuma, chairman of Tokuma Shoten and executive producer of "Porco Rosso" remained bitter despite helping fund the success of both "My Neighbor Totoro" and "Grave of the Fireflies". Indeed in 1988, Tokuma, in cooperation with his Chinese partners, released a film he was very fond of called "The Silk Roads" (敦煌 (映画), based on a novel by Yasushi Inoue. Due to "Totoro's" overwhelming box office success and "Grave of the Fireflies'" critical success that same year, "The Silk Roads" was totally eclipsed.
When the release date of "Porco Rosso" was announced for July 18, 1992, Tokuma decided to release the sequel to "The Silk Roads" called "Dreams of Russian" (おろしや国酔夢譚) on the very same date. Tokuma couldn't help stir up competition between his own productions. He ramped up promotions for "Dreams of Russian", even going so far as to contact the president of Nippon Television, along with Toshio Suzuki, to convince them to leave "Porco Rosso" with much less advertising support. Fortunately, Ghibli's film was a massive box office success, proving that the success of their previous film, "Kiki's Delivery Service" (1989) wasn't a fluke.
Japan Airlines remained a major investor of the film, and showed it as an in-flight film a few weeks before its theatrical release. Due to this, the opening text introducing the film appears simultaneously in Japanese, Italian, Korean, English, Chinese, Spanish, Arabic, Russian, French and German. In September 2007, "Porco Rosso" was re-screened abord JAL's international flights. While Miyazaki was working on the film, he was also busy designing the new studio for Studio Ghibli.
The theatrical poster's advertising slogan are "This is what it means to be cool." and "The pig that doesn't fly is just a pig." while the JAL poster's slogan is "If you fly, you can see". They were coined by Shigesato Itoi.
In September 1995, Animage magazine published a double page spread regarding the French dubbed release of "Porco Rosso". Hayao Miyazaki gave the following statement:
“I saw the French version “Porco Rosso” on video. I have been interested in Jean Reno as an actor since I saw The Big Blue (1988). I was just happy. As for Fio (Adèle Carasso), her voice matched the character I imagined and it was nice. If I look at the photo of Curtis (Jean-Luc Reichmann) and Gina (Sophie Deschaumes) voice actors, they are voiced by actors who look like them and it's funny. They had a way of speaking without much intonation. The way they acted was very natural in the film. On the other hand, in Japanese, I think it was an eccentric way of speaking and a little too forced.
On the other hand, I appreciated that people who saw the movie didn't ask why he's a pig. When the movie came out in Japan, I was asked for that and it was embarrassing. I want the public to welcome this film as a European story.
Another thing I liked was the poster for the French version. This discount blue reminds me of the Gitanes cigarette pack. It is very frivolous. I need to send this poster to Tokiko Katô (Gina's Japanese voice)! (Laughs)"
- July 18, 1992 Movie Theater
- December 12, 1992 Original VHS release
- Autumn 1999 Newer VHS release in Japan
- During 2003 English dub for the first time
- March 2004 Newer DVD/VHS in Japan
- 2005 Release by Disney
"Porco Rosso" was the number one film on the Japanese market in 1992, earning ¥2.713 billion in distribution income. Despite the film being geared towards an older audience, a recorded 3,049,806 were said to have seen the film. Even Hayao Miyazaki was reportedly surprised at its success, as it further cemented Studio Ghibli's legacy as a hit maker in the industry. Their next few films would be lowkey affairs such as "Pom Poko" (1994), "On Your Mark" (1995) and "Whisper of the Heart" (1995) until "Princess Mononoke" (1997).
It won the Animation Film Award for the 47th Mainichi Film Awards Music Award. Additionally, it won the 5th Nikkan Sports Film Award and Agency for Cultural Affairs Excellent Film Award. It was selected as the "Prix du long métrage (Feature movie) at the 1993 Annecy International Animated Film Festival.
It also made Time Out's top 50 animated movie list. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a rating of 94% based on 16 reviews. Wilson McLachlan, of the Left Field Cinema, considered it "the most underrated film from the Studio Ghibli catalogue."
In 2011, Miyazaki said that he wanted to make a follow-up anime to the 1992 original film if his next few films following "Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea" were successful. During the production of "The Secret World of Arrietty", Miyazaki was asked regarding the sequel saying he was interested and added that "The ending was changed for that purpose". He affirmed this by saying, "I want to do a sequel to Porco Rosso" and "The title is 'Porco Rosso: The Last Sortie'". The film would be set during the Spanish Civil War with Porco also returning, albeit this time as an old pilot, reflecting Miyazaki's own aging.
Shuichiro Moriyama, the voice of Porco, later said, "(Miyazaki) announced his retirement, but if he does not produce Part II, the story will never be completed I would like you to fulfill your promise somehow." Miyazaki was set to write the film, but Hiromasa Yonebayashi direct but to both Miyazaki and Yonebayashi's departure from Ghibli and the current hiatus of the studio itself, the current status on the proposed sequel remains uncertain.
Porco Rosso (Image Album) (紅の豚 イメージ アルバム , Kurenai no Buta Imeeji Arubamu) is a 10-track album composed by Joe Hisaishi and released by Tokuma Japan Communications on May 25, 1992.
Porco Rosso (Original Soundtrack) (紅の豚 サウンドトラック , Kurenai no Buta Saundotorakku) is an album composed by Joe Hisaishi released by Animage Records and Tokuma Japan Communications on July 25, 1992. It is Hisaishi's fifth collaboration with Miyazaki.
Hisaishi had been working on his 1920's themed solo album "My Lost City" (released February 12, 1992) when he was hired to work on "Porco Rosso". After Miyazaki was sent both "My Lost City" and the "Porco Rosso (Image Album)", he said "I love ("My Lost City"), I want it all for "Porco Rosso". "Please replace it with the Image Album". As a result, the opening song of the film is very similar to the song "1920 ~ Age of Illusion" from "My Lost City". Additionally, the track "Two of Us" is literally the theme of the film.
During an interview with producer Toshio Suzuki on June 4, 1992, Hisaishi recalls the challenges he faced composing the film's score "Both Director Miyazaki and I don't like to compromise with each other (laughs). This raised tension between our collaboration, but I think that led to a higher level of quality to the work. Also, this time, I was particular about the acoustics and recorded almost with a full orchestra of 70 people."
"It's a movie that expresses Miyazaki-san's personal feelings quite strongly. I wasn't very good at the way music should go when Mr. Miyazaki came to the fore. If anything, I should have pulled it, but since the setting is flight across the Adriatic Sea, the part that seems to be a little swashbuckler, and the part that is really personal, maybe I Maybe he didn't understand this work very much. I still reflect on that for a moment.
Suzuki responds, "No, it was wonderful. Don't forget, Mr. Hisaishi came to the studio and Miyazaki ordered "Please make an embarrassing song! Please liven it up!". When I watch various movies, most of the songs don't get excited when they telegraph it's an exciting scene, and I'm tired of listening to all those songs. However, Mr. Hisaishi brilliantly met his expectations for the songs that really liven up there, and I wanted him to do it. That's why I remember Miyazaki being overjoyed when that song was made."
Hisaishi then says, "Personally, it's like the movie "Casablanca". It's nostalgic, but it's like a man's coolness, and I wish I could see something like that."
Suzuki, "I really liked Miyazaki inserting himself in one shot. (While Gina was singing in the bar) I liked Miyazaki-san playing on the piano, it really worked."
Singer and activist Tokiko Kato, aside from voicing Gina, also sang the theme and ending song. The ending song "The Bygone Days" was used in response to the insert song "The Time of Cherries". "The Bygone Days" is an original song written and composed by Tokiko Kato and released in 1987, seven years before it was used for the film. Miyazaki's main inspiration is how the 1920's was described as the "Jazz Age".
- "The Wind of Time (When a Human Can Be a Human)" – 2:50
- "MAMMAIUTO" – 1:21
- "Addio!" – 0:37
- "The Bygone Days" – 2:16
- "A Sepia-Coloured Picture" – 0:47
- "Serbia March" – 1:03
- "Flying Boatmen" – 2:36
- "Doom (Cloud Trap)" – 1:23
- "Porco e Bella" – 1:06
- "Fio-Seventeen" – 2:04
- "The Women of Piccolo" – 2:04
- "Friend" – 3:04
- "Partnership" – 2:28
- "Madness (Flight)" – 2:39
- "To the Adriatic Sea" – 1:50
- "In Search of the Distant Era" – 2:18
- "Love at First Sight in the Wildness" – 1:11
- "At the End of Summer" – 1:26
- "Lost Spirit" – 4:11
- "Dog Fight" – 2:10
- "Porco e Bella (Ending)" – 2:35
- "The Time of Cherries" (sung by Tokiko Kato, arrangement by Yoko Kanno) – 2:52
- "Once in a While, Talk of the Old Days" (composition, lyrics, vocals by Tokiko Kato, arrangement by Yoko Kanno, Junichiro Ohkuchi) – 3:56
- Porco Rosso poster appears also Kichijoji Station in Ocean Waves when Taku meets Rikako. Porco Rosso also appears sitting on a table at the school fair.
- In Whisper of the Heart, when Shizuku is shown the grandfather clock by Mr. Nishi, "Porco Rosso" is written on the clock face.
|Characters||Original Actor||JAL Dub Cast||Disney English Dub Cast|
|Porco Rosso||Shuichiro Moriyama||Patrick Harlan||Michael Keaton|
|Donald Curtis||Akio Otsuka||Greg Dale||Cary Elwes|
|Fio Piccolo||Akemi Okamura||Lynn Eve Harris||Kimberly Williams-Paisley|
|Gina||Kato Tokiko||Faith Bach
Kato Tokiko (singing)
|Mr. Piccolo||Sanshi Katsura||Clay Lowrey||David Ogden Stiers|
|Capo||Tsunehiko Kamijo||Unknown||Brad Garrett|
|Mamma Aiuto Gang||Reizo Nomoto
|Jeff Manning||Bill Faggerbake|
Kevin Michael Richardson
|Director, Screenplay, Storyboard||Hayao Miyazaki|
|Character Design||Toshio Kawaguchi|
|Art Director||Katsu Hisamura|
|Animation Director||Megumi Kagawa, Toshio Kawaguchi|
|Key Animation||Akiko Hasegawa, Atsuko Otani, Hiroko Minowa, Hiroshi Shimizu, Katsuya Kondo, Kenichi Yoshida, Mahiro Maeda, Makiko Futaki, Masaaki Endou, Masako Shinohara, Masashi Ando, Mitsuo Iso, Noriko Moritomo, Sachiko Sugino, Shinji Morohashi, Shinji Otsuka, Shinya Ohira, Yoshifumi Kondō, Yoshiharu Satō, Yoshinori Kanada, Yoshiyuki Momose, Yuu Isomitsu, Yuuji Shigekuni|
|In-between Animation||Akiko Teshima, Atsuko Matsushita, Atsushi Hasebe, Emiko Iwayanagi, Eriko Shibata, Hideaki Yokoi, Hideaki Yoshio, Hideki Ito, Hiroaki Akagi (Telecom Animation Film), Hiroko Tezuka, Hiromi Furuya, Hiroyuki Inoue, Hisako Sueda, Katsutoshi Nakamura, Kazuko Shibata, Kazumi Sakai (Telecom Animation Film), Kazumi Yokoyama, Kazuyoshi Onoda, Keiko Yozawa (Telecom Animation Film), Ken Baba (Telecom Animation Film), Kenichi Konishi, Kenichi Yamada, Kiyoko Makita, Koichi Asano, Kouji Shinozaki, Kumi Horii, Kumiko Ohta, Makoto Ozawa (Studio Pierrot), Masahiko Adachi, Masahiko Ohraku (Telecom Animation Film), Masako Sakano, Masaru Matsuse, Masatoshi Nakamura, Masaya Saito, Masaya Yasutome (Telecom Animation Film), Mayu Yazawa (Telecom Animation Film), Mayumi Ohmura, Mayumi Shimizu, Mayumi Shoji (Telecom Animation Film), Michiko Okada, Nobuko Sato, Reiko Mano, Rie Kondo, Rie Niidome, Ritsuko Shiina, Sachiko Okada, Sawako Miyamoto (Telecom Animation Film), Seiko Higashi, Shigeru Kimishima (Studio Pierrot), Shinobu Tsuneki, Shinsaku Sasaki, Sumie Nishido, Takao Maki, Takasumi Matsukawa (Telecom Animation Film), Takehiro Noda, Takeshi Inamura, Tsuyoshi Konakawa, Yasuko Ohtomo, Yoko Kida, Yōko Nagashima, Yukari Yamaura, Yukiko Shimizu (Telecom Animation Film), Yumiko Kitajima, Yuuko Sotake (Telecom Animation Film)|
|In-between Check||Hitomi Tateno, Rie Fujimura, Rie Nakagome|
|Photography||Hidekazu Shinya, Hiroshi Fukuda, Hiroshi Sakakibara, Hiroyuki Matsuzawa, Junji Yabuta, Kumiko Taniguchi, Shuichi Ito, Shuji Fujikura, Tohru Osakabe, Toshiyuki Umeda|
|Planning||Hideo Ogata, Tatsumi Yamashita|
|Background Art||Akira Yamakawa, Kazuo Oga, Kiyomi Oota, Kyōko Naganawa, Naomi Sakimoto, Naoya Tanaka, Satoshi Kuroda, Youji Takeshige|
|Color Design||Michiyo Yasuda|
|Finish Animation||Akemi Hosotani (Studio OZ), Akihiko Isozaki (Studio OZ), Akiko Ono, Chieko Omachi (IM Studio), Eiko Fukuma (IM Studio), Homi Abe, Junko Moritsugu (Studio Pierrot Fukuoka), Junko Yoshikawa, Kanako Moriya, Kazuhiro Hirabayashi (Studio Killy), Kumiko Nishio (Studio Killy), Mariko Konuma (IM Studio), Masami Sasagawa (Kyoto Animation), Masayo Iseki, Masayo Sakai (Studio Killy), Mayumi Watabe (Studio Killy), Michiko Shibata (IM Studio), Michiyo Iseda (IM Studio), Minako Oshiro, Miyoko Oka (Studio Killy), Naomi Mori, Naomi Takahashi (Studio Killy), Nobuko Watanabe (Studio Killy), Noriko Ogawa, Rie Takagi (Kyoto Animation), Sayuri Matsuo (Studio Pierrot Fukuoka), Shizuko Iwasaki (Studio Pierrot Fukuoka), Takiko Kubota (Studio Killy), Terumi Narita (IM Studio), Yasuko Suenaga (Studio Killy), Yasuyo Takayama (IM Studio), Yoko Sakamoto, Yoko Tanida (IM Studio), Yukari Tajima (IM Studio), Yuki Hisada, Yukie Kitsukezawa, Yukie Kuroki (Studio Killy), Yukiko Shimokawabe (IM Studio), Yukimi Toyonaga, Yumi Furuya, Yumiko Uehara (Studio Pierrot Fukuoka), Yuriko Katayama|
|Executive Producers||Matsuo Toshimitsu, Sokai Tokuma, Yasuyoshi Tokuma, Yoshio Sasaki|
- Porco Rosso VHS - Tokuma Shoten (December 21, 1992)
- Porco Rosso LD -Tokuma Shoten (June 15, 1997)
- Porco Rosso VHS- Buena Vista Home Entertainment (April 23, 1999)
- Porco Rosso DVD-Buena Vista Home Entertainment (March 29, 2002)
- DVD (Director Hayao Miyazaki's Works) -Walt Disney Studios Japan (July 2, 2014)
- Porco Rosso Blu-ray Disc-Walt Disney Studios Japan (July 17, 2013)
- Blu-ray Disc (Director Hayao Miyazaki's Works) --Walt Disney Studios Japan (July 2, 2014)
- "The Age of the Flying Boat" (Dainippon Painting, July 1992) ISBN 4-499-20595-6
- "The Age of the Flying Boat" (Supplementary Revised Edition: Dainippon Painting, November 2004) ISBN 4-499-22864-6
- Porco Rosso (THIS IS ANIMATION) (Shogakukan, August 20, 1992) ISBN 4-09-101536-0
- Sometimes old stories talked by Hayao Miyazaki and Tokiko Kato (Tokuma Shoten, August 31, 1992) ISBN 4-19-554946-9
- Porco Rosso-Film Comic (1) (Tokuma Shoten, September 20, 1992) ISBN 4-19-772090-4
- Porco Rosso-Film Comic (2) (Same as above, September 20, 1992) ISBN 4-19-772091-2
- Porco Rosso-Film Comic (3) (Same as above, October 25, 1992) ISBN 4-19-772100-5
- Porco Rosso-Film Comic (4) (Same as above, October 25, 1992) ISBN 4-19-772101-3
- The Art of Porco Rosso (Tokuma Shoten, October 30, 1992, New Edition May 1997) ISBN 4-19-812100-1
- Romantic Album Porco Rosso (Tokuma Shoten, November 1, 1992, New Edition May 2001) ISBN 4-19-720160-5 .
- Studio Ghibli Works Related Materials IV (Studio Ghibli, December 31, 1996) ISBN 4-19-860628-5
- Porco Rosso (Studio Ghibli Storyboard Complete Works 7) (Tokuma Shoten, September 30, 2001) ISBN 4-19-861424-5
- Ghibli Textbook 7 Crimson Pig (Studio Ghibli Edition, Bungei Shunju < Bungei Ghibli Bunko >, September 10, 2014) ISBN 978-4-16-812006-0
- Cinema Comic 7 Porco Rosso (Bungei Shunju <Bungei Ghibli Bunko>, September 10, 2014) ISBN 978-4-16-812106-7
- Porco Rosso Image Album - Tokuma Japan Communications ((Reissue CD / May 21, 1997) TKCA-71155 (Original Edition / May 25, 1992))
- Porco Rosso Soundtrack "Flying Pig is just a pig!" Tokuma Japan Communications ((Reissue CD / May 21, 1997) TKCA-71156 (Original Edition / July 22, 1992))
- Porco Rosso Drama Edition I wonder how the magic cast on you can be solved Tokuma Japan Communications (September 25, 1992) TKCA-30663
- Studio Ghibli Hayao Miyazaki & Joe Hisaishi Suntra BOX [Box set, Limited Edition] (CD) Tokuma Japan Communications (July 16, 2014)
- Hayao Miyazaki Movie Wind (Author: Sora no Kai, Sojusha, December 1993)
- Hayao Miyazaki's Miscellaneous Notes (enhanced and revised edition) (Dainippon Painting, August 1997) ISBN 4-499-22677-5 . First edition, December 1992
- Savoia S.21F Forgore "Original version / Late model" 1/72 scale (Fine Molds)
- Savoia S.21 prototype combat flight boat 1/48/1/72 scale (Fine Molds)
- Savoia S.21F "Late model" 1/48/1/72 scale (Fine Molds)
- Curtiss R3C-0 Non-public surface fighter 1/48/1/72 scale (Fine Molds)
- Savoia S.21 prototype combat flight boat 1/72 scale painted finished product (Fine Molds)
- Savoia S.21F "Late model" 1/72 scale painted finished product (Fine Molds)
- Reprinted in "Hikotei Jidai - Original Movie" Porco Rosso" (Dainippon Painting, 2004)
- "Miyazaki Hayao's Miscellaneous Notes" p.103.
- Miyazaki Hayao Writing Case (宮﨑駿 書き置き事件).
- "Why did the movie "Porco Rosso" Porco become a pig? What is the message contained in this work?", Filmaga
- "Hayao Miyazaki was impatient with overdoing Gahaha with "Porco Rosso", Excite JP
- "Thorough dissection of the Porco Rosso!!", Homemate.
- "Porco Rosso: Creation of the film", Buta Connection
- "News that "Porco Rosso" sequel is being planned in the United States!", Cinema Today
- "Joe Hisaishi "Porco Rosso Sound Track", Hibikihajime No Heya.